Kidneys are the organs that help us to excrete the toxic substances from our body. But there are times when kidneys don’t function properly and this is called kidney failure. Among 2 out of 5 adults have severe Kidney Failure without their knowledge.
The other name for Kidney Failure is chronic kidney disease (CKD) and it has been staged from 1 to 5 by the National Kidney Foundation in the increasing order of its severity. It helps doctors to understand each stage better and provide treatments and tests accordingly. The doctors determine the stage of kidney failure using the Glomerular Filtration Rate commonly known as GFR. It is a test used to check the functioning of your kidneys. The process is simple as it is identified through a blood test which is calculated from your serum creatinine levels, your body size, age, sex, etc. Now you might be thinking what is creatinine? Coming to the fact, Creatinine is a waste product that comes from the muscle activity of your body and is a key indicator of kidney function. The Creatinine from the blood is removed properly when the kidneys function properly but as kidney function slows, creatinine levels rise in the blood. For more study materials take assignment help online from our best experts.
For better diagnosis, the stages of kidney failures have been marked as follows:
eGFR of 90mL/min or more means a healthy kidney. It is usually when the kidneys are working well. Most people do not even know that they are in stage 1 of CKD. If they somehow find out it may be because they were tested for another condition like diabetes or high blood pressure. Correct treatment and lifestyle changes can help a person to keep their kidneys healthier for long.
eGFR between 60 and 89 mL/min shows that there is a mild decline in kidney function. Here people who have it may see blood or protein in the urine. A person may get evidence of kidney damage in an MRI, CT scan, ultrasound or contrast X-ray or there is a family history of polycystic kidney disease.
eGFR between 30 and 59 mL/min shows that there is a moderate decline in kidney function. This stage is divided into two parts. Stage 3A is a condition which refers to an eGFR between 45 and 59 whereas stage 3B refers to an eGFR between 30 and 44. The symptoms may include swelling in the hands and feet, back pain, shortness of breath, sleep problems due to muscle cramps or restless legs, fatigue, and urinating more or less than normal. The health complications may occur including high blood pressure, anaemia, and bone disease. A patient should see a nephrologist to get the best advice for treatment at this point of time. If you have any type of doubts then you can discuss with our top Australian professors of nursing essay help, they have full knowledge in all the subjects so have a look at our website.
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eGFR between 15 and 29 mL/min shows that kidneys are moderately or severely damaged. This is the last stage before kidney failure and needs serious attention. The symptoms and health complications are the same as stage 3 along with more conditions like nausea, vomiting, bad breath due to urea build-up in the blood. Nerve problems, etc. A person should seek medical attention in which dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed.
eGFR below 15mL/min shows that kidneys are very close to failure or have completely failed. During this time wastes develop in the blood which makes patients sick and symptoms are very severe. Kidneys can no longer perform its functions and patients with kidney failure must start dialysis or get a kidney transplant to survive. For More Information Visit This Site: thefrisky
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